Today, we will be focusing on Him as the Prince of Peace. Sar-Shalom is derived from two Hebrew words. Sar, according to the Hebrew Strong’s Dictionary, means a head person (of any rank or class), a captain (that had rule), lord, and of course prince. By being the Son of the Creator, if we where to use royal titles to describe Jesus, that would obviously make Him, Prince. The Hebrew Strong’s Dictionary defines Shalom (shaw-lome’) as safe, well, rest, and peace. It is also seen spelled shalowm (same pronunciation).
Paraklētos (par-ak'-lay-tos), according to the Greek Strong’s Dictionary, is a singular masculine noun that means an intercessor, consoler. It can also mean advocate, comforter, or helper. An advocate, as used in this Name, is someone who appears in another’s behalf. An advocate’s role is to fight for someone, especially for a person’s rights. To put it into perspective, it is like a defense attorney. So, if you’re needing a defensive attorney, then that means there is a plaintiff or prosecutor.
Abraham refers to God here as Shaphat (shaw-fat) or judge in Hebrew. While it can mean judge, it can also mean to vindicate or punish, to govern, to litigate, to avenge, plead, reason, and rule according to the Strong’s Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary of the Old Testament. The KM Hebrew Dictionary states that it may also mean tobe brought to trial or to argue a matter. No wonder, then, why Holy Spirit is called our Advocate (John 14:26) and Jesus Christ is referred to as our Mediator (1 Timothy 2:5).
As I studied out this name of God, I was amazed at some of the meanings of olam (oh-lawm) which is the Hebrew word used for everlasting in this verse. While it can mean everlasting, it also means concealed, or time out of mind. It can also mean frequentatively which is an adverb of the verb frequentative. This verb means a repeated action. I believe this is why God first refers to Himself as I am that I am. He always was, and always is, and always will be. He is frequentative and eternal. He is the everlasting God because there is no other but Him. He stands outside of time itself. In fact, time is merely a construct of this earth to help us gauge moments of this life. It doesn’t exist outside of this world.
This name of God is a name Jesus is referred to in this reading for today. Interestingly, the name is in fact in its Greek form – Alpha and Omega. Alpha is the first letter of the Greek alphabet and Omega is the last letter of the Greek alphabet. Here we see that Christ is being referred to as the first and the last. Do you know why that is? Allow me to explain...
You may have heard some of your Jewish friends greet one another with the customary “Shalom”. This is the Hebrew word for peace. While the meaning of Shalom is peace, it is a figurative meaning of this word. The literal translation means well. However, there are many meanings of this word to include, safety, prosperity, well-being, deliverance, harmony, blessings, and more. I would encourage you to dive into some lexicons online and dig a bit further into this word. It is no wonder then that our Jewish friends use it as a greeting.
This name of God requires three words in the Greek, “Theos Monos Sophos”. Theos is the Greek word for God, as Kevin went over previously. Monos is the Greek word for only, sole, alone, or without others as the Strong’s Dictionary suggests. The Mounce Greek Dictionary defines it as without accompaniment and not multiplied by reproduction. The BDAG Lexicon states that it means the only entity in a class. Sophos, according to the Strong’s dictionary suggests that it means wise as in a quality. The Thayer Greek Dictionary states that Sophos means skilled, expert, wise. Finally, the BDAG Lexicon states that is means pertaining how to do something in a skillful manner, clever, skillful, or experienced.
According to the Greek Strong's Dictionary, Theos (theh’-os) means of certain affinity; a deity, especially the supreme Divinity, God. Pas means all, any, every, the whole: - all (manner of, means), always, daily. The meaning of Paraklesis (par-ak'-lay-sis) is imploration, solace: - comfort, consolation, exhortation, intreaty. Diving deeper into these verses, we read that Paul is testifying that Jesus is God of all comfort. Not just for headaches or stomach pains…of ALL COMFORTS!
As we dive into this name of God, we must remember that “El” in the Hebrew means God. “Deah (day-ah)” stands for knowledge. It can also mean special, knowledge, or omniscient. It is clear, then, that God simply doesn’t possess knowledge, but special knowledge. He isn’t just wise, but omniscient. If we understand the richness of this word, then we might read this verse like this, Do not boast so proudly or let arrogant words come out of your mouth, for YHWH (Yahweh) is an omniscient God (or God of special information), and actions are weighed by Him.
Originally, there is not a hyphen between Jehovah and Nissi. To make it more readable and distinguishable between the two words being used, a hyphen is normally used in modern day. There are actually three Hebrew words that translates to the English term “banner”; degel, ‘ôt, and nēs (or nissi). Degel is more often translated as banner or flag. ‘Ôt, according to Strong's definitions, is a feminine noun that means a signal flag (figuratively or literally), beacon, monument, etc. Nissi or nēs is a masculine noun in Hebrew that translates, according to the Wycliffe Bible Dictionary, as lifted up or exalted. Given the incident that happened prior to building the alter, it is more than likely the name Nissi was used instead of Degal or ‘Ôt.
The word shepherd in the Hebrew is “ra’ah (rah-aw)”. It is a very ancient term used in the near east and Mesopotamia, being used in Abrahamic times, and perhaps even before. In its earliest use, it denoted a king or the head of a priesthood – a mediator between a god and his people. However, as much as we know of antiquity and as many writings as we have to date, no king or priest was ever actually referred to as Ra’ah except when it is used in the context of the Hebrew Bible.
Today's Name of God is one of the most known. We hear it in songs even to this day. It is heard more often during Christmas time, in holiday songs. Though heard often, many do not know what the name means. Immanuel is a Hebrew name that means God is with us. Some of you may have seen it spelled like this, Emmanuel(ĕ-măn'ū-ĕl). This is the Greek transliteration form of the Hebrew name.